Asthma is one of the rapidly growing diseases among people of all age groups. Asthma is a disease of multiple types, but one of the most common types of asthma is allergic asthma. A huge number of children are affected by allergic asthma every year. If you compare the number with adults, the ratio is higher for children. Pollen and dust mites are the primary allergens that trigger asthma symptoms and severe asthma attacks. According to studies, about 85% of kids who suffer from asthma tend to suffer from allergic disorders as well. Unfortunately, not a lot of people know how to control asthma in toddlers.
Asthma condition in children is one of the primary reasons for missed school days. Asthma can disrupt sleep, physical activities like playing, and almost every single part of your day. Your doctor can even tell you an asthma action plan. Asthma treatment in children is constantly improving and it reduces asthma flare-ups in children. Here’s how to diagnose asthma in children.
What are the Asthma in Children Symptoms (Age 5-11)
Common asthma signs and symptoms in children are:
- Coughing mostly at nights
- Difficulty in breathing
- Chest pain, tightness, or discomfort
- Avoiding sports or losing interest in any kind of physical activities
Some children show less day to day symptoms in comparison to others. That can make it hard to determine whether they have asthma or not. These children can have sudden severe asthma attacks. Other children have mild symptoms or symptoms that get worse at certain times (Cold weather, allergens, etc). According to research, asthma symptoms also get worse during nighttime, during physical exercise, or when your child has a cold. There can be other additional triggers for asthma symptoms such as seasonal allergies. Now that you know what are the symptoms of asthma in a child, the next step is to know how to diagnose asthma in a child?
Tests To Diagnose and Monitor Asthma in Children
For children between the age of 5 and older, doctors can generally diagnose and monitor the severity of asthma using the same tests for adults. The major measurement of the test is to check how quickly a child can force out of his her lungs. Here are all the tests to diagnose and monitor asthma in children and common child asthma treatment.
- Using a Peak Flow Meter
The first step of diagnosing asthma in children is using a peak flow meter is built to measure how much air your kids can quickly exhale. Your doctor may give your child a portable hand-held peak flow meter to test out the lung capacity of your child. Low readings are a sign of worsening asthma, if the symptoms are worsening then you will notice lower peak flow reading. This will help your doctor recognize when to treat an asthma flare-up and start diagnosing asthma in children.
- Asthma Treatment
If your child’s asthma symptoms are extremely severe, your doctor will suggest you visit an asthma specialist. The doctor will suggest your child’s medication based on the severity of the situation This will prove to be more impactful, this is also the first step on how to cure child asthma.
Based on the current medication, your doctor will shift the medication to control the flaring signs and symptoms. Here are some of the most common long-term asthma control medication:
- Inhaled Corticosteroids: These are without a doubt some of the most common long-term medications for asthma.
- Leukotriene Modifiers: These medications can be used alone or to provide a helping hand with corticosteroids.
- Combination Inhalers: Combination inhalers contain a combination of inhaled corticosteroids plus a long-acting beta-agonist. In some situations, long-acting beta-agonists are known to cause severe asthma attacks.
- Theophylline: This is a daily medication that helps in opening up the narrow airways. Theophylline is not used as much as it was used in past.
- Biologics: Nucula, an injectable medication is given to kids for four weeks in order to control severe asthma. Children ages 6 and older may benefit more from this type of medication.
- Quick-Relief Medication
These medications provide immediate relief for asthma symptoms and the effect lasts four to six hours. The main purpose of these medications is to provide quick relief from the symptoms but they can’t stop the symptoms to come back. If your child is facing frequent or severe symptoms, he or she will need to take long-term medication like the inhaled corticosteroids. This is the third step on how to diagnose asthma in child.
Your child’s asthma is getting severe if he/she needs to use the quick-relief medication more and more. Relying on a quick-relief inhaler to control symptoms increases the risk of a severe asthma attack and it is a sign that your child needs to see the doctor about your condition.
Top 5 Ways To Control Allergic Asthma in Children
It is much needed to take good note of the allergens that can trigger asthma in children to make sure their symptoms don’t flare-up. You can consult an expert doctor in the industry to know how to control allergic asthma in kids aged 5-11. Here are some of the most common child asthma treatment you can try:
- Identify Potential Allergens That Can Trigger Allergic Asthma
The first thing that you need to do is to find out which particular allergens can trigger asthma symptoms in children and leave them exposed to allergic symptoms. Once you identify these symptoms, you need to do your best to make sure your child is not exposed to them. By consulting an expert doctor, finding out potential allergens can become easier.
- Control Indoor Allergens
There are several allergens that your child can get exposed to even while staying indoors. It is crucial to managing indoor allergens such as dust mites, pets, allergens pests, etc. Parents need to do this:
- Do thorough cleaning and dusting to keep your house clean and fresh.
- Make sure to wash the pillows, cushions, mattresses, and carpets with hot water once a week.
- If your child is allergic, keep him away from pets.
- Keep foods in sealed containers and waste foods in covered bins.
- Fix wall cracks to prevent pest like a cockroach from inhabiting such places.
- Keep Your Children Indoors
If your child’s asthma symptoms can be triggered by any number of allergens then you need to minimize your kid’s outdoor time. While playing outside is one of the most crucial activities for kids, which also keeps them healthy, it can also risky. If your kid is suffering from allergic asthma then certain allergens outdoors can lead to severe attacks. Hence it is not safe for kids to stay outside for a longer period of time.
- Visit Allergy & Asthma Center to Take Allergy Shots
You can take all the necessary precautions and your child can still develop severe symptoms. If that is the case then you must take your kid to any trusted allergy and asthma center to get allergy shots. While shots may not be necessary, but if the doctor suggests they would help you shouldn’t hesitate to get the necessary shots required for your kids.
- Taking Medications
To help control allergic asthma in children it is needed to visit an expert allergist nearby you. To treat mild symptoms, certain medications will be prescribed to your child. Make sure your kid keeps on taking the medication as instructed by the doctor to keep allergic asthma symptoms in children in check. Medications are one of the major steps on how to control asthma in toddlers.